Understanding Sinus Infection
Informative tips and help on sinus infection. Understand the causes, symptoms and treatment
of sinusitis including how to use natural cure and home remedy to prevent sinus infections and acute
Sinusitis or sinus infection is a lingering troublesome ailment which
ultimately tells on the general health. Sinus infection symptoms are very similar to that of the common cold and
viral influenza. Because of this, many people are not even aware that they are suffering from sinus infections
until their condition has turned into chronic sinus infections.
What Are Paranasal Sinuses?
There are 4 pairs of paranasal sinuses within our skull. They are the maxillary sinuses which
are located behind the cheekbones below the eyes; the ethmoid sinuses located between the eyes; the frontal sinuses
in the forehead above the eyebrows and the sphenoid sinuses are located behind the ethmoids in the upper region of
the nose and behind the eyes.
What Is A Sinus Infection?
Sinus infection refers to the condition whereby the mucosal lining of the sinuses is
The sinuses are cavities and inside these cavities are mucosal linings. The lining of the
sinuses provides a very important and essential function in that they protect the body from dust, pollens, other
foreign matter and pathogens in the air we breathe.
The surface of this lining is made up of soft membrane-like tissues which is densely populated
with microscopic hair-like cilia. The cilia act like oars to drain the mucus produced naturally by the body. These
mucus, together with trapped allergens and pathogens, are then flushed out to the stomach via the back of the
This is the way your body prevents bacteria load from building up within the nasal passages.
Healthy and proper cilia function is essential for optimum nasal health. When mucociliary function becomes
dysfunctional, inflammation of the mucous membranes results and sinus obstruction caused by abnormal secretions of
mucus within the sinus cavities lead to an increased pressure.
This then translates into pain and discomfort.
Our body's natural defences in the nose reacts to bacterial or virus intrusion by forming extra
mucus. If this extra mucus production cannot drain off efficiently, they tend to block the natural ventilation
through the sinuses. The result is an infection caused by these bacteria and virus proliferating in a conducive
environment. Hence the term sinus infection.
Sinus Infection Symptoms
The abnormal amount of mucus production leads to increased episodes of post nasal drip.
Increased post-nasal drip activity is one of the significant sinus symptoms to be aware of.
Normally, the human body hosts bacteria like streptococcus and the like with no adverse
It is only when the body's natural defences are low that these pathogens get an upper hand.
People suffering from fungal infections, allergic reactions to certain
types of food and drugs, related illnesses such as bronchitis, asthma and HIV, have a higher chance of sinusitis
So, can sinus infection cause you pain and discomfort? The answer is, undoubtedly, yes! Sinus
infection symptoms include puffy eyes and early morning sinus headache in the frontal sinus region and
area between the eyes. Soreness and tenderness in the areas below the eye sockets are common.
Many will also feel discomfort and pain in the region between the eyes. Sinus pressure, sinus
headache and sinus pain are commonly used terms to describe such discomfort.
Sinus infection affects nearly 37 million Americans annually. Some people may be born with a
predisposition towards sinus infection, whereas other people could develop it after an accident or surgery which
changes the anatomy of the nose.
Correspondingly, millions of dollars are spent in search for a long-term effective treatment.
Today, ENT specialists utilize a procedure known as Nasal Endoscopy to diagnose sinus infection. This
involves inserting a flexible fiber-optic tube with a light and camera at its tip into the nose to examine the
nasal passages and sinuses. If the condition is deemed acute or chronic, an x-ray or CT scan of the sinuses may
be called as well.
Sinus Infection Treatment
Sinus infection treatment options for mild cases
of sinus infection include decongestants, pain killers and sinus infection antibiotics. In chronic cases,
doctors will prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs such as steroid nasal sprays together with oral
For young children, the usage of steroids has to be monitored closely for it can inhibit their
growth if taken for long periods. Surgery is undertaken as a last recourse. Home remedies for sinus infection
consist of inhalation of steam, saline nasal flushes and hot compresses placed on the forehead and facial
Precautions When You Have A Sinus
Do not swim where the pools have much chlorine in them during a sinus infection.
Air travel during an attack of sinusitis can be extremely uncomfortable and should be avoided if
possible, otherwise eustachian tube dysfunction could result.
The bottom line is to lead a temperate life breathing in clean, fresh air and daily cleansing of
the sinus passages through nasal irrigation which happens to be the most
effective sinus infection home remedy adopted by millions
worldwide. This should effectively help in the control of recurring sinus infections.